A conservative Protestant theological movement usually traced back to the 1960's and 1970's that is a specific type of dominionism stressing a God-given mandate to Christians to exercise dominion--control--over all of creation and human institutions, and that such dominion must and will be achieved before the literal, bodily return of Jesus Christ to Earth (the "Second Coming" of Christ). Dominion Theology's goal is a more or less theocratic government in accordance with Christians' dominion of the state. As it is chiefly an American movement, Dominion Theology hopes for and promotes through published works, schools, political activity, and other efforts the securing of political or legal gains--including those made by individuals or groups not self-identifying with dominionism in any form--that might help achieve eventual Christian dominion over American law, politics, and culture. As is the case with many members of the Christian Right, most people ascribing to and influenced by Dominion Theology insist that the United States was founded as a Christian nation and see their political efforts as an attempt at a Christian reclamation of American society. (e.g., see Christian Reconstructionism)
(see TheocracyWatch.org "Dominion Theology")
key distinctions. Not all dominionists ascribe to Dominion Theology.
(see Frederick Clarkson's, "The Rise of Dominionism: Remaking America as a Christian Nation")
(see ReligiousTolerance.org "Christian Reconstructionism, Dominion Theology, and Theonomy")