Is Christian fundamentalism anti-intellectual? It is easy to respond with an enthusiastic "Yes!" because fundamentalists tend to disagree with many of the concepts brought to us by modernism, a hallmark characteristic of the Religious Right.
In addition, one of the most frustrating tactics employed by fundamentalist Christians in discussions of religion and theology is the "Faith Card." Some topics are simply "a matter of faith," meaning not up for discussion. The Faith Card is often pulled when the subject turns to the existence of God or Biblical inerrancy.
Many atheists see the Faith Card as evidence that fundamentalism is anti-intellectual. Refusing to subject a belief to rational arguments indicates a preference for holding onto the belief over thinking about that belief. This practice is undoubtedly anti-intellectual.
This does not mean, however, that fundamentalism itself is anti-intellectual. In Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism, George Marsden examined the rationalism that serves as an essential component of Christian fundamentalism:
[The fundamentalist] heritage includes a cultural vision of all things, including learning, brought into the service of the sovereign God. Fundamentalists accordingly retain vestiges of this ideal. Schools, including colleges and 'universities,' are central parts of their exmpires. Although they may only rarely attain excellence in learning, they seek it in principle and sometimes do attain it. No group is more eager to brandish honorary degrees. Perhaps more to the point, genuine degrees are more than welcome when in service of the Lord. ...
Even more centrally, fundamentalists are among those contemporary Americans who take ideas seriously. ...For the fundamentalist, what one believes is of the utmost importance. ... [The League reminds you that a complete stranger on the street is more likely to drag you into an argument about the Saving Grace of Jesus than Friedrich Schleiermacher's theory of antithesis.]
Fundamentalist thought often appears anti-intellectual because of its proneness to oversimplification. The universe is divided in two - the moral and the immoral, the forces of light and darkness. This polarized thinking reflects a crass popularizing that indeed is subversive to serious intellectual inquiry. The fundamentalist worldview starts with the premise that the world is divided between the forces of God and of Satan and sorts out evidence to fit that paradigm. Nevertheless, fundamentalist thinking also reflects a modern intellectual tradition that dates largely from the Enlightenment. Fundamentalist though had close links with the Baconian and Common Sense assumptions of the early modern era. Humans are capable of positive knowledge based on sure foundations. If rationally classified, such knowledge can yield a great deal of certainty. Combined with biblicism, such a view of knowledge leads to supreme confidence on religious questions. Despite the conspicuous subjectivism throughout evangelicalism and within fundamentalism itself, one side of the fundamentalist mentality is committed to inductive rationalism. ...
So an oversimplified view? Yes.
Dead wrong? Of course.
But anti-intellectual? Nope.